عنوان مقاله [English]
Criminalization, one of the important institutions of the penal system, like other jurisprudential and legal institutions, requires a strategic approach and transformation due to the complexity of human relations. The jurisprudence of systems is the systematic view of the jurisprudence system in thought and action to provide goals at the level of macro system structures and at the level of systems (social systems). The main question is what kind of change does the attitude based on the jurisprudence of systems create in this criminalization system? The legitimate claim of the Shari'a that it is comprehensive, universal, and temporal requires that there be no defects, theoretical conflicts, or practical implications in the judicial and penal system. With this assumption and by relying on the method of jurisprudential-innovative theorizing – Shahid Sadr - the subject, elements, effects, conditions of crime, and punishment of the perpetrator, has been redefined based on the jurisprudence of the system to reduce the theoretical and practical challenges of the penal system. The basis of this idea is that each crime, according to its necessity and belonging, has two personal and systematic directions and aspects, and with a micro and macro scope. Acceptance of these aspects has important effects on the responsibility of the criminal (manager and deputy), his punishment, and other cases. The claim of this theory is considered in some of the crimes (subject to hadd, qisas, diyat, ta'zirat) and the punishments of the existing conventional jurisprudence, and in another part, it needs to be commented with this new ap-proach.
* قرآن کریم.