عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the salient and at the same time problematic features of current normative debates about new and emerging technologies is the lack of clear and reliable data on the characteristics of many expected applications of technology. Despite the tremendous benefits and potential applications of new technologies such as nanotechnology and biotechnology, existing scientific studies have proven that products derived from these technologies, such as transgenic or nanoscale products can have harmful effects on consumers' health and the environment. This necessitates the need to provide standards and pay attention to the safety of these products by supervising organizations. Therefore, the question that arises is, "in case of losses and harm resulting from the use of these products, what are the consequences for the responsible organizations and how can the civil liability of these organizations be analyzed. In the current paper, considering the probable dangers of these products to the safety and health of the consumers, the civil liability of supervising organizations to balance the risks and benefits of these emerging technologies is examined from a jurisprudential perspective based on two principles of Tasbib (causality) and Ghorur (deception). Accordingly, in addition to the pathology principle of Tasbib, through providing a specific mechanism based on the principle of Ghorur, we can figure out the responsibility of organizations supervising the safety of products.