عنوان مقاله [English]
There are at least three meanings for the term authority (Al-Hujjīyyah) regarding "authority of certainty": A- the intermediate term in an analogy; B- Revealability (Presentivity); C- Justifiability and incontrovertibility. Shaykh Anṣārī holds that the first meaning cannot be assigned to the Certainty. Regarding the second meaning, there are four opinions among Uṣūlī scholars: The first view maintains that Revealability (Presentivity) - as Isagoge's essential - is constituent of Certainty. According to the second view, Revealability (Presentivity) forms the whole nature of Certainty. The third view insists that Revealability (Presentivity) is a concomitant to the Certainty. And according to the last view, Revealability of Certainty is not acceptable. There are also five views respecting the third meaning: A- Justifiability and incontrovertibility are intrinsic to the Certainty. B- Justifiability and incontrovertibility are intrinsic concomitants to the Certainty. C- Justifiability and incontrovertibility are just rational judgments. D- Justifiability and incontrovertibility are conventional notions. E- Justifiability and incontrovertibility are subordinate to the mastery. This paper studies and analyses these views. Authenticity of Certainty has a close correlation with Fiqh, since, due to the "intrinsic authenticity of certainty" viewpoint, prohibiting from following Certainty is impossible. However, there are cases in the Fiqh that the Certainty which is caused from Uncertain Perception is disregarded. Definitely this opposition is in contrast with the Intrinsic Authenticity of Certainty.